Glossary definition of ACELP

Also known as: Algebraic Code Excited Linear Prediction

Algebraic Code Excited Linear Prediction, or ACELP, is a speech compression system, used to provide a good standard of speech quality when the network is operating at low data rates (i.e. narrow bandwidth). The analogue voice signal is converted to a digital data signal, so that it can be compressed for transmission over the network, and the process is then reversed at the other end when the digital data is converted back to an analogue voice signal. The quality of the reproduced speech will appear to be much better at the receiving phone than would have been the case if an ACELP system had not been used.

The technology associated with ACELP is defined by the ITU-T (International Telecommunications Union-Telecommunication Standardization Sector) and this has been used for a long time as a standard on the Internet for voice applications, being integrated into software such as Microsofts MediaPlayer?.